Fruit and nut orchards are among the most biodiverse agricultural systems in the Mediterranean region. They feature a wide range of tree species, each with a plethora of cultivars, and provide a broad palette of ecosystem services. The fruits and nuts they produce are distinct ingredients of regional cuisine and culture. After millennia of sustainable existence, climate change now threatens to upset the age-old match between the climatic needs of traditional tree crops and the local climate. Winter warming has already perturbed tree phenology, in some cases leading to complete failure to bloom and bear fruit. To meet this challenge, orchard managers need adaptation aids that enable them to select portfolios of tree cultivars that are resilient to future climates, allowing them to remain successful in a warming world. AdaMedOr will harness recent advances in phenology modelling and a wealth of phenology data to produce the first reliable framework for predicting climate change impacts on tree crops of the Mediterranean. It will characterize temperature responses of a range of tree cultivars, allowing assessments of climate-related risks to the present agrobiodiversity of Mediterranean orchards, including mismatches between pollen-donor and pollen-recipient cultivars. Spatially explicit risk analysis will be facilitated by cultivar distribution mapping and by an integrated framework to forecast cultivar-specific production risks for future climate scenarios. This information will form the basis for the participatory design of resilient cultivar portfolios, undertaken jointly by researchers, nursery managers and growers. Tools and methodologies developed by AdaMedOr will be made publically available as web interfaces and open-source analysis packages. AdaMedOr aims to lay the groundwork for further knowledge advances on tree phenology and to directly facilitate science-informed adaptation actions in Mediterranean orchards.

El proyecto Adamedor (referencia PCI-2020-111966) está financiado por MCIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033 y por la Unión Europea “NextGenerationEU”/PRTR”.

Inicio del proyecto:

Fin de proyecto:

Departamento de Ciencia Vegetal, Hortofruticultura


Miembros del proyecto:
LUEDELING, Eike (Coordinador del proyecto total, red o consorcio); Rodrigo García, Francisco Javier (Investigador principal (IP)); Guerrero Camacho, Brenda (Miembro del equipo de investigación); Herrera Lagranja, Sara (Miembro del equipo de investigación); Castel Dueso, Lourdes (Miembro del equipo de investigación); Santolaria Llacer, Nestor Ibon (Miembro del equipo de investigación)

93000,00 €

Socios y financiadores:
PRIMA – Partnership for Research and Innovation in the Mediterranean Area (Promotor); CALL PRIMA SECTION 2 2019 (Programa financiador competitivo); Agencia Estatal de Investigación (Financiador); Proyectos de I+D+i «Programación Conjunta Internacional» (Programa financiador competitivo); University of Bonn (Participante); Centro de edafologia y biologia aplicada del segura - consejo superior de investigaciones cientificas (Participante); Ecole Nationale d'Agriculture de Meknès (Participante); Superior School of Technology Khenifra (Participante); Institut National Agronomique de Tunisie (Participante); Institut de l'olivier (Participante); Agromillora Méditerranée (Participante); Unión Europea “NextGenerationEU”/PRTR (Programa financiador no competitivo); Centro de Investigación y Tecnología Agroalimentaria de Aragón (Participante); Grupo de investigación Fruticultura. Caracterización, adaptación y mejora genética. Centro de Investigación y Tecnología Agroalimentaria de Aragón (Autor o coautor); Instituto Agroalimentario de Aragón (IA2). Centro de Investigación y Tecnología Agroalimentaria de Aragón (Autor o coautor)